Far away from their homes, freedom fighters -- exhausted, hungry, even wounded -- huddled around the radio in their camps. At the same time, at homes too, many pressed their ears on the radio, with fingers on the knob, adjusting the volume every now and then, careful about keeping it as low as possible.
No matter what, they all tuned in and listened on. After all, the radio, amidst the depths of misery, provided hope.
The patriotic songs played through Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra during the War of Liberation did a lot for the motivation of the freedom fighters. The songs reinforced their nationalistic identity, made their blood boil and take arms against the occupying force.
The artistes at Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra fought war with words and music. The radio station was even bombed and it had to change location a number of times, before it finally settled in Kolkata.
With fiery lyrics sung with immense passion, the songs were the cradle of the idea of freedom. From reverberating the call of Bangabandhu with 'Shono Ekti Mujiburer Theke', to keeping the motive of the war alive with 'Mora Ekti Phoolke Bachabo Bole Juddho Kori' -- a vision of a free country was set on the horizon: 'Purbo Digante Shurjo Utheche'.
Today, the songs bring back memories, of heroism and valour, horror and agony; and for the younger generations, a rekindling of spirit...
Click on the radio buttons to listen to 9 of the revolutionary songs and history behind their making